Moisturizers should be part of anyone’s basic skin care package. These help keep the skin supple and smooth. The right product or active ingredient can also help retain a feeling of freshness, even under the harsh glare of the sun. There are numerous products that make claims about what they can do for a person’s skin and how much protection from sun damage they provide. The market can be confusing for the average consumer to navigate, but there is a short list of ingredients that are found in the best skin care treatment products.
Natural moisturizing factors
Also known as water binding agents, they are called ”natural” because they work with the skin’s own ability to retain moisture and rejuvenate its outermost layers. Natural skin care products with these ingredients help in binding water to the outer layers of the skin, but they also play a part in repairing the external skin matrix. This allows the skin to retain more water, keeping it moisturized and soft for longer periods. Collagen, elastin, glycerin, and polysaccharides are all active ingredients which can perform this function.
Facial cleanser products that use NMFs are either oil or water-based. The oil-based products tend to stay on the skin and help for a longer period of time. However, they also leave a residue that may irritate the skin if not removed properly before sleep. Water-based cleansers are not as effective for the same amount of time as oil-based ones, but they leave no residue on the skin. They are also easier to remove from the skin to avoid irritation. It is notable that most skin care creams on the market are water-based because they are much easier to apply.
Humectants are ingredients that bind moisture to the skin. The overall effect is similar to NMFs, but the mechanics are different. A face moisturizer with humectants will act to trap moisture to the skin and absorb water from the air, binding it to the skin. This causes the same refreshing and rejuvenating effects as NMFs. Humectants are more commonly used in face creams for areas that have high humidity. These ingredients are also commonly used to repair thickening or scaly skin. Common humectants include amino acids and urea.
Some skin care products prove more effective than others because they contain antioxidants. These substances limit the damage done by oxidization, a natural process that causes damage to cells. Antioxidants in facial cleansers help keep the oxidization to a minimum, leaving the skin fresher and smoother. It also helps decrease the risk of having worn, dry, thickened skin. Vitamin E, flavonoids, and lipoloic acid are among the most common antioxidants to be used as ingredients in natural skin care regimens.
Skin care enthusiasts should avoid any products that contain fragrances or preservatives. The primary purpose of fragrances is to hide the scent of an ingredient in the moisturizer. The problem is that this may cause irritation to the pores. In some cases, it has been found that some people exhibit allergic reactions to certain fragrances mixed with facial creams.
Preservatives are a necessity for face moisturizer products. Exposure to the air can cause bacteria to contaminate the water or oil that most products are based on, and the preservatives prevent this. However, some people have displayed allergic reactions or rashes, so dermatologists advise that people avoid products that cause these reactions.
There are a number of active ingredients that can be included in skin care products to generate the supplest, smoothest skin. Choosing the right one can depend on skin type and environment, but there is likely a product on the market that will suit any given person’s situation.